1. An original Schutz-Pass (protective passport,), issued for Ernst J. Rappaport, born 11 September 1932, with his photo attached. The passport was designed by Wallenberg, and printed in blue and yellow (the Swedish national colors), with text in German and Hungarian, stating that the named person will travel for repatriation to Sweden and until departure is under the protection of the Swedish embassy. With the stamped seal (in two places) of the Swedish Embassy in Budapest It was issued September 26, 1944 and is press numbered at the top with the pass number “90/96”. Passes given to members of the same household were usually numbered sequentially; Ernst Rappaport's older sister Alice's pass numbered 90/95, his mother's (90/94) and father Georg's (90/97) were in the same sequence and issued the same day, as listed on pages 309-10 in the Wallenberg passport list. Signed by Wallenberg as often with a simple pen-mark, counter-signed by the Swedish ambassador to Hungary, Carl Ivan Danielsson, who was also recognized by Israel with the decoration “Righteous among the Nations” for his work in organizing the Swedish legation's rescue mission.
2. A typed and printed document, on letterhead of the Royal Swedish Embassy in Budapest, numbered “R. 03414,” “Sp.: 9096,” and “Liste :316,” and bearing their stamped seal, signed in full by Wallenberg. In Hungarian, it reads (translated): "To the 'National Central Authority for Supervising Foreigner', Budapest: We have the honour to inform you that the Swedish Royal Embassy in Budapest issued a protecting-passport [Schutzpass, in Hungarian: védöútlevet] to Mr. Erno J. Rappaport, by this he is identified as a Swedish subject. The Embassy kindly requests to give to the named exemption from [wearing] the yellow badge [star]. The Embassy confirms that the bilateral agreements with Sweden regarding the relevant edict is applied. Budapest, September 25, 1944. / Yours sincerely, / [signed] Raoul Wallenberg / acting for the Swedish Royal Ambassador. The Swedish Royal Secretary of the Embassy."
These papers, always kept together (as evidenced by folds and paper clip marks,) may have saved the life of a 12 year-old Jewish boy in Budapest. His older sister Alice had a still-extant pass as well. Her name appears on the lists of prisoners at the Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, where she had been sent from Dachau on December 17, 1944.
“Raoul Wallenberg was the most inventive, daring, and successful rescuer of Jews from the Nazis during the period of the Final Solution,” The Holocaust Encyclopedia, ed. Laqueur. From July 1944, when the 32 year-old business man-turned diplomat, from a wealthy Swedish family, arrived in Budapest, until his arrest by the Soviet Army on 17 January 1945, he issued documents which saved thousands from deportation and death. Item #28583
In March 1944 Hungary was occupied by German troops, and a Nazi-appointed government took power. Under the direction of Adolf Eichmann, a special unit was set up to annihilate the remaining Hungarian Jews. In May, deportations to Auschwitz began, at the rare of 12,000 per day. The Jews of Budapest were by new laws deprived of their civil rights and property, and forced to wear yellow stars. Later they were concentrated into so-called Yellow Star Houses and not allowed outside, a prelude to the ghetto and deportation. In July, after protests from the king of Sweden, the Red Cross, and the U.S. secretary of state, the deportations were stopped. During this time, the Swedish legation issued provisional passports to persons with family or business connections in Sweden, however the number permitted was small, and they then began to issue certificates declaring that application for Swedish citizenship had been made. By July some 700 passports and certificates had been issued.
Ambassador Danielsson requested additional support for the legation's work, at the same time that President Roosevelt had sent Iver Olsen to Stockholm as an official representative of the American War Refugee Board, to search for a Swede willing and able to go to Budapest to organize a rescue program for the Jews. Raoul Wallenberg was selected for the assignment and arrived in Budapest on July 9. Wallenberg wanted to give protective documents to every Hungarian Jew who applied. He began issuing a new document of his own design, known as a Schutz-Pass, it was numbered, printed in yellow and blue, and bore three crowns of Sweden, and official seals and and signatures. In August 1944 Wallenberg met with Hungarian regent Miklós Horthy and won permission to issue 5000 of these passports (later increased to 7500). Hungarian authorities agreed to recognize the holders of the passports as Swedish subjects awaiting repatriation. They were allowed to live in houses rented by the legation. Long lines formed outside the Swedish embassy, and forgeries were also produced. Soon the number of Jews protected by Sweden, chiefly by Wallenberg's efforts, rose to 15 to 20 thousand. After the Arrow Cross coup in October, Wallenberg continued his work, at great personal risk, rescuing additional thousands at railway station, houses, from the forced march to Austria, and in the sealed ghetto. When the Red Army invaded Budapest in January 1945, Wallenberg was arrested on suspicion of spying for the United States, and disappeared. By his efforts he is thought to have directly saved some 25,000 persons' lives, and indirectly, another 70,000.